NCT HEIDELBERG 16 A to Z Some of the terms you max come across in connection with your illness may be new to you We have listed some medical terms which you may encounter during your treatment Adjuvant therapy Treatment following the surgical removal of a tu mor in order to destroy potential micro metastases Alopecia Hair loss Anemia Reduced red blood cells Anti hormone therapy Drug treatment to suppress the sex hormones This treatment is used in tumors where hormones act as a growth stimulus Antibody therapy Targeted therapy with antibodies that acts on certain structures on the surface of cancer cells Ascites Fluid retention in the abdominal cavity e g due to a tumor on the peritoneum Biopsy Extraction of a body tissue sample for a histologic examination to allow an accurate diagnosis Diarrhea Loose or watery stools Emesis Vomiting Hemoglobin Hb A protein element responsible for binding oxygen in red blood cells A low hemoglobin count is an indicator for anemia Carcinoma Ca Malignant tumor Cancer Curative treatment Treatment with the goal of curing Metastis Filia Daughter growth of a malignant tumor which emerges out of the spread cancer cells from the primary tumor Nausea Nausea and vomiting Neoadjuvant Therapy A first step treatment given to shrink a tumor and kill any potential micro metastases before the main treatment which is usually surgery In addi tion this helps to assess the tumor s response to the therapy Neuropathy Disease of the nerves that causes sensations such as tingling stinging or numbness Edema Retention of fluid from the vascular system in tis sue mainly around the wrists and ankles as well as the eyelids Palliative Therapy Treatment with the aim of relieving symptoms and improving the quality of life for both the patient and their family Pleural effusion Excess fluid that accumulates in the pleural cavi ty the fluid filled space that surrounds the lungs This excess can impair breathing by limiting the expansion of the lungs Pleural effusion can be caused by cancer cells Port catheter Port A permanent access to the venous system to allow the administration of infusions and for blood col lection The port and catheter are put in place in a minor surgery Recurrent disease Cancer relapse after a patient has been treated Sentinel lymph node The sentinel lymph node is the hypothetical first lymph node or group of nodes draining a cancer Its examination provides information about po tential further lymph node metastases

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